The most crucial development of a fetus occurs during the first trimester. This is the time when all the major organs are being developed such as the brain, the heart and the limbs.
During the first trimester, the daily calorie intake should be 2,300-2,500 calories, to ensure that the baby is getting more nutrition. Weight gain is normal during this period.
Here is a list of foods to avoid during the first trimester:
Avoid raw foods such as oysters, sushi or undercooked meat
Raw foods contain bacteria which may greatly increase one’s chances of contracting a bacterial infection which could have some serious effect on the baby’s health and development.
Avoid alcohol and caffeinated drinks
Alcoholic drinks negatively affect the growing fetus’ brain development. Similarly any caffeinated drinks will increase one’s chances of getting a miscarriage. Pregnant women who drink coffee, soda or other caffeinated drinks are twice as likely to give birth to smaller babies.
Reduce fish consumption
Fish are contaminated with mercury which may have a negative effect on the nervous system of the fetus. Limit fish meals to 2 servings per week.
Here is a list of foods to eat or drink during the first trimester:
Drink decaffeinated drinks, fruit juices and skim milk
Skim milk is calcium-rich but has less fat. An alternative to coffee is decaffeinated coffee. Natural fruit juices are healthier and contain vitamin C.
Eat foods rich in vitamins
It is okay to eat meat as long as it is well-cooked. Just focus more on consuming foods rich in vitamins and minerals.
Take vitamin supplements
DHA, omega-3 fatty acids from fish oil, calcium supplements are needed for the brain development of the fetus.