Infertility issues are commonly encountered by women because they tend to seek regular visits on gynaecologists than men do. However, in a recent study, thirty percent of couples who cannot conceive have an infertile male partner. This means that infertility should not be focused only to women but to men as well.
Several factors have been accounted to a man’s infertility and this includes psychological, physical and hormonal disturbances. A healthy sperm is said to become matured in seven days but because of various health factors, the quantity and quality of it is affected; thus, a woman cannot conceive a baby. Among the factors that influenced the sperm count and motility are smoking, marijuana and steroids use, alcohol consumption, stress, malnutrition, anaemia, exposure to radioactive substances, and even wearing tight underwear. Genetic and hormonal imbalances also play a major role in male infertility as sperm production is minimized; but because of modern treatment tools, several infertile men become fathers.
Male infertility treatment goals are often based on its cause; but for an unidentified problem, physicians recommend evidence-based treatments. These treatments may include surgery for correcting abnormal anatomy of reproductive organs or medical procedures like artificial insemination and in vitro fertilization with intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). Surgical treatments are made when there are varicoceles present in the scrotum and outflow of semen is obstructed due to early vasectomy. Vasectomy reversal is the reconnection of vas deference that carries sperm produced by the testes. This can only be an effective treatment for male infertility if the person’s antibodies are not too high to counteract the reconnection.
Meanwhile, testicular aspiration is done when a male is experiencing a very low sperm count. This will be used for artificial insemination as well as in vitro fertilization. In mild infertility cases, artificial insemination is done by inserting semen directly to the woman’s womb. On the other hand, in vitro fertilization with ICSI is done for severe cases of infertility. Fertilization is guaranteed in this kind of procedure even if the sperm count is poor but physicians recommend semen analysis prior to this.
Male infertility can be treated nowadays. But because there are several factors why such condition exists, seeking a professional help from a general practitioner is highly advised.